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Post-Stroke Recovery


Scalp Acupuncture Effective For Stroke - Chen, et al., covered many other investigations in their meta-analysis. Positive clinical outcomes for the treatment of stroke were consistent across multiple scalp acupuncture studies.


Acupuncture Stabilizes Balance After Stroke - In first-ever stroke patients with a low Br stage, acupuncture therapy can improve static balance during rehabilitation. However, the effect on balance was limited among high–Br stage patients. This study provides information valuable to patients with hemiplegic stroke because it suggests that acupuncture can be used to improve balance.


Using microPET imaging in quantitative verification of the acupuncture effect in ischemia stroke treatment - Real acupuncture slightly reduced the injury-volume, sham acupoint treatment increased the injury-volume, and blank control had no obvious effect in reducing the injury-volume. Statistical tests also confirmed that acupuncture was more effective than random stimulus in improving the metabolic recovery after stroke.


Acupuncture for Shoulder Pain After Stroke: A Systematic Review - It was found in this review of reported RCT's that acupuncture is an efective treatment for shoulder pain after stroke. Acupuncture can be considered as an adjvant therapy in combbination with exercise for rehabilitation of the stroke patients who are suffering from shoulder pain

Acupuncture Restores Hand Function for Paralysis Patients -New research proves that acupuncture combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is effective for restoring hand function in hemiplegic patients. Researchers measured significant improvements in both wrist and finger functionality.

Acupuncture Protects Brain Cells From Stroke - New research demonstrates that acupuncture stimulates brain cell proliferation in the cerebrum. The researchers note that electroacupuncture “exerts a neuroprotective effect in ischemic stroke.” The researchers also successfully measured the biochemical pathway by which acupuncture exerts this medical benefit to the brain. Stimulation of two acupuncture points was shown to activate the extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) pathway, an important protein communication pathway involved in cell proliferation.


A functional magnetic resonance imaging study on the effect of acupuncture at GB34 (Yanglingquan) on motor-related network in hemiplegic patients. - Compared to sham, acupuncture at GB34 showed positive interaction effect and may increase motor-cognition connectivity meanwhile decrease compensation of unaffected motor cortex and homolateral synkinesis, which can definitely promote the rehabilitation of hemiplegia and spasm.




















9000 Needles -  A Documentary 



Acquired  or Traumatic Brain Injury


Oriental Medical Theory in the Treatment of Acquired Brain Injury - By Douglas Wingate, MAcOM, L.Ac.

The Treatment of Frontal Lobe Injury With Acupuncture and Traditional East Asian Medicine - By Douglas Wingate, MAcOM, L.Ac.


Acupuncture Improves Head Trauma Recovery - researchers conclude that acupuncture along the Chong, Ren and Du channels combined with rehabilitation can significantly improve DAI patients’ mobility, cognitive competence and other functions in everyday life

Reduced Use of Emergency Care and Hospitalization in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury Receiving Acupuncture Treatment - Patients with TBI who receive acupuncture treatment have reduced the use of emergency care and hospitalization in the first year after injury. After adjustment, acupuncture treatment was associated with decreased risk of high emergency care visits and hospitalization. The RRs of high medical visits and expenditure for hospitalization associated with acupuncture treatment were 0.62 (95% CI = 0.50–0.76) and 0.66 (95% CI = 0.53–0.83), respectively.


Acupuncture Makes Strides in Treatment of Brain Injuries, PTSD - Military field physicians are using the practice of acupuncture to treat cases of mild traumatic brain injuries (mild TBI), including concussions, and cases of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)






















Acupuncture for Treatment of Insomnia in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury- Acupuncture has a beneficial effect on perception of sleep or sleep quality and on cognition in our small sample of patients with TBI.

Acupuncture Assists Recovery For Brain Injury Related Paralysis - The acupuncture group received conventional therapy plus scalp acupuncture and body style acupuncture. Based on the clinical data, the researchers concluded that acupuncture combined with conventional rehabilitation can significantly help patients with brain-injury related paralysis in their recovery process.

Effect of Electroacupuncture on Rat Ischemic Brain Injury: Importance of Stimulation Duration - These findings suggest that earlier EA stimulation leads to better outcomes, and that EA-induced neuroprotection against ischemia depends on an optimal EA-duration via multiple pathways including DOR signaling, while “over-length” stimulation exacerbates the ischemic injury.


Decreased Risk of Stroke in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury Receiving Acupuncture Treatment - TBI patients with acupuncture treatment (4.9 per 1000 person-years) had a lower incidence of stroke compared with those without acupuncture treatment (7.5 per 1000 person-years), with a HR of 0.59 after adjustment for sociodemographics, coexisting medical conditions and medications.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Acupuncture Combats Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - The NCCAM (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) reports that acupuncture demonstrates effectiveness in the treatment of PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder)


Randomized effectiveness trial of a brief course of acupuncture for posttraumatic stress disorder - Mean improvement in PTSD severity was significantly greater among those receiving acupuncture than in those receiving usual PTSD Care. Acupuncture was also associated with significantly greater improvements in depression, pain, and physical and mental health functioning. Pre-post effect-sizes for these outcomes were large and robust.

Acupuncture treats Concussions, Insomnia, Headaches, & PTSD - Acupuncture for the treatment of concussions, insomnia, dizziness, headaches, and post traumatic stress syndrome gets increased use in the US military. In the most recent issue of Stars and Stripes, Dr. Stuessi (a Navy sports medicine physician who works in a special concussion restoration care center) notes, “I’ve found phenomenal, off-the-charts results doing acupuncture for sleep, for dizziness and headaches.”

Acupuncture for PTSD: Getting soldiers through the door - “Indeed, to assist those suffering from PTSD to more actively and consistently participate in evidence-based treatments, particularly when accompanied by associated symptoms of chronic pain, depression, insomnia, anxiety or substance abuse, I have found acupuncture (among other adjuncts) to not only be useful symptomatically, but by helping to help regulate the autonomic nervous system improve treatment compliance,”





















Efficacy Of Acupuncture For PTSD In Military Personnel - Compared to usual PTSD care, a four week course of twice weekly TCM acupuncture resulted in significantly greater improvements in… PTSD symptoms (pre-post ES 1.4-1.6; versus usual care ES 0.7-1.0,  Depression and pain symptoms,  Mental health functioning but not physical functioning


Community-Based Wounded Warrior Sustainability Initiative (CBWSI): An integrative medicine strategy for mitigating the effects of PTSD






Therapeutic influences on the brain 


Characterizing Acupuncture Stimuli Using Brain Imaging with fMRI - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Literature

Connectomics: A New Direction in Research to Understand the Mechanism of Acupuncture - Connectomics appears to be a new direction in research to further understand the central mechanism underlying acupuncture. In this paper, an overview of connectomics application in acupuncture research will be discussed, with special emphasis on present findings of acupuncture and its influence on cerebral functional connectivity


Adult Neurogenesis and Acupuncture Stimulation at ST36 - Adult neurogenesis, which may be a key process in recovering from brain disorders, occurs in two distinct regions of the brain: the SVZ of the lateral ventricles and the SGZ of the DG. Numerous studies have reported that acupuncture stimulation at ST36 appears to enhance adult neurogenesis.


Acupuncture Ups Memory and Protects Brain Cells - The new laboratory findings show that acupuncture prevents neuron loss in the hippocampus, an area of the brain responsible for memory and spatial navigation. - See more at:

Neural control of cerebral blood flow: scientific basis of scalp acupuncture in treating brain diseases

A Proposed Neurologic Pathway for Scalp Acupuncture: Trigeminal Nerve–Meninges–Cerebrospinal Fluid–Contacting Neurons–Brain

fMRI Evidence of Acupoints Specificity in Two Adjacent Acupoints - The common cerebral activated areas responding to LR3 and ST44 included the contralateral primary somatosensory area (SI) and ipsilateral cerebellum. Acupuncture at LR3 specifically activated contralateral middle occipital gyrus, ipsilateral medial frontal gyrus, superior parietal lobe, middle temporal gyrus, rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC), lentiform nucleus, insula, and contralateral thalamus. Stimulation at ST44 selectively activated ipsilateral secondary somatosensory area (SII), contralateral middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, lingual gyrus, lentiform nucleus, and bilateral posterior cingulate cortex (PCC).


Post-Stroke Recovery


Curcumin Protects Neuron against Cerebral Ischemia-Induced Inflammation through Improving PPAR-Gamma Function - Administration of curcumin markedly decreased the infarct volume, improved neurological deficits, and reduced neuronal damage of rats. In addition, curcumin suppressed neuroinflammatory response by decreasing inflammatory mediators, such as IL-1β, TNF-α, PGE2, NO, COX-2, and iNOS induced by cerebral ischemia of rats.


Neuroprotection by the Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang, against Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion-Induced Cerebral Ischemia in RatsTHSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1and TNF- activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.



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Acquired  or Traumatic Brain Injury


New Zealand researchers say pine tree extract may help treat TBI - Pilot study in which researchers tracked 60 individuals who were experiencing cognitive difficulties after a brain injury. Preliminary results suggest an improvement in daily cognitive functioning.


Scutellaria baicalensis attenuates blood-brain barrier disruption after intracerebral hemorrhage in rats. - SR [scutellaria] treatment significantly reduced the degree of (1) hemorrhage volume and edema percentage of the ipsilateral hemisphere, (2) brain water content, (3) MPO-positive neutrophil infiltration in the peri-hematoma, and (4) BBB [Blood brain barrier] permeability measured by Evans blue leakage. In addition, expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, MMP-12, and tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP)-1 were investigated with immunohistochemistry... These findings provide a pharmacological basis for the use of SR in the treatment of the BBB disruption following stroke and trauma.

Transcranial amelioration of inflammation and cell death after brain injury. - show that the skull bone is permeable to small-molecular-weight compounds, and use this delivery route to modulate inflammation and therapeutically ameliorate brain injury through transcranial administration of the ROS scavenger, glutathione. Our results shed light on the acute cellular response to TBI and provide a means to locally deliver therapeutic compounds to the site of injury.


Beta-asarone, a major component of Acorus tatarinowii Schott ["Shi  Chang Pu"], attenuates focal cerebral ischemia induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. - These experimental results suggest that complement β-Asarone is protective against cerebral ischemia in specific way. The administration of β-Asarone could reduce focal cerebral ischemic/reperfusion injury. The Mechanism of β-Asarone in protection of cerebral ischemia was via increasing antioxidants activity related to lesion pathogenesis.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


A Chinese Herbal Formula to Improve General Psychological Status in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial on Sichuan Earthquake Survivors - Compared to placebo, the [treatment] group was significantly improved in all three SCL global indices. More patients in the [treatment] group reported “much improved” than the placebo group. The [treatment] group performed significantly better than control in five out of nine SCL factors (somatization, obsessive-compulsive behavior, depression, anxiety, and hostility and in sleep quality score. [The formula] produced no serious adverse events. These findings suggest that [the formula] may be an effective and safe treatment option for improving [general psychological status] in patients with PTSD.


A Diet Enriched with Curcumin Impairs Newly Acquired and Reactivated Fear Memories - Collectively, our findings indicate that a diet enriched with curcumin is capable of impairing fear memory consolidation and reconsolidation processes, findings that may have important clinical implications for the treatment of disorders such as PTSD that are characterized by unusually strong and persistently reactivated fear memories.

Therapeutic influences on the brain 

Neuroprotective Effects of Cuscutae Semen in a Mouse Model of Parkinson’s Disease - In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of CS on the neurotoxicity of MPTP in mice and on the MPP+-induced cell death in differentiated PC12 cells. The MPTP-induced loss of nigral DA neurons was partly inhibited by CS-mediated decreases in ROS generation. The activation of microglia was slightly inhibited by CS, although this effect did not reach statistical significance. Furthermore, CS may reduce the MPP+ toxicity in PC12 cells by suppressing glutathione peroxidase activation. These results suggest that CS may be beneficial for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as PD.



Neurotrophic Natural Products: Chemistry and Biology - small molecules that modulate neurotrophic activity offer a promising therapeutic approach against neurological disorders. Nature has provided an impressive array of natural products that have potent neurotrophic activities. This Review highlights the current synthetic strategies toward these compounds and summarizes their ability to induce neuronal growth and rehabilitation.


Chinese Herb Promotes Brain Cell Proliferation -These findings indicate that AT and asarones, which could be orally administrated, may serve as therapeutic agents to promote neurogenesis, providing a novel way to fight against cognitive decline associated with aging and neurodegenerative disorders.


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Post-Stroke Recovery


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Acquired  or Traumatic Brain Injury


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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


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Post-Stroke Recovery


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Acquired  or Traumatic Brain Injury


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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


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